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Radiant Dielectric Aether Field Energy

09 February 2008

Process for making a mineral battery

Publication number: US2008003499
Publication date: 2008-01-03
Inventor: MAEYAMA MITSUO (JP); SAKAI TSUKASA (JP)
Applicant: UNIQUE STONES INC
Classification:
- international: H01M6/04; H01M6/04;
- European:
Application number: US20060477993 20060628
Priority number(s): US20060477993 20060628

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Abstract of US2008003499
The present invention provides a process for making a mineral battery using treated powdered polar crystal mineral and a treated liquid as an electrolyte. The polar crystal powder and liquid are either separately or after mixing together subjected to a rotating EMF. The powder-liquid mixture is inserted into a housing and compacted therein to form a mineral battery, along with an anode and a cathode and terminals. The preferred polar crystal mineral is tourmaline. In one embodiment, after the mixture is in the housing it is subjected to a voltage. In one embodiment the mixture is prepared and compacted into the housing and then subjected to a rotating EMF, and may then also be subjected to application of a voltage.


Description of US2008003499


BACKGROUND
[0001] Crystal structures can be divided into 32 classes, or point groups, according to the number of rotational axes and reflection planes they exhibit that leave the crystal structure unchanged. Twenty of the 32 crystal classes are piezoelectric. All 20 piezoelectric classes lack a center of symmetry. Any material develops a dielectric polarization when an electric field is applied, but a substance which has such a natural charge separation even in the absence of a field is called a polar material. Whether or not a material is polar is determined solely by its crystal structure. Only 10 of the 32 point groups are polar. All polar crystals are pyroelectric, so the 10 polar crystal classes are sometimes referred to as the pyroelectric classes. Polar crystals have opposite charges on opposite crystal faces.
[0002] Of the polar crystal minerals, tourmaline is a group name for about thirteen species of minerals that exhibit piezoelectrical characteristics. The Tourmaline group are silicated minerals containing boron, and they belongs to a trigonal or hexagonal, hemimorphic, hemihederal group. Its hemimorphisms are asymmetric with respect to the major axis, and its chemical formulae are complicated. A typical formula is:
[0000]
WX3Y6{NaX3Al6(BO3)3Si6O16(O,OH,F)4} Where W-Ca, K, Na
[0000]
X-Al, Fe2+, Li
[0000]
Y-Al, CR3+, Fe3+
[0000] Natural tourmaline occurs in crystalline schist, gneiss, contact metamorphic rocks, and pegmatite. Tourmaline is capable of being obtained in large crystalline form.
[0003] The following is a set of data for tourmaline taken from the web site http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourmaline:
[0000]
CategoryMineral Group
GeneralNa(Al,Fe,Li,Mg,Mn)M3Al(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH,F)4
Chemical
formula
Identification
ColorMost commonly black, but can range from
brown, violet, green, pink, or in a dual-colored
pink and green.
Crystal habitParallel and elongated. Acircular prisms,
sometimes radiating. Massive. Scattered grains
(in granite).
Crystal systemTrigonal
CleavageGood to poor prismatic. Poor rhombohedral
FractureSubconchoidal to even
Mohs Scale7-7.5
hardness
LusterVitreous, sometimes resinous
Refractive indexn[omega] = 1.635-1.675 n[epsilon] = 1.610-1.650
PleochroismNone
StreakColorless
Specific gravity3.02-3.26
The 14 recognized minerals in the group (end member
formulas)
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5,Al1.5)Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
SchorlNaFe<2+> 3Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
DraviteNaMg3Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
ChromdraviteNaMg3Cr6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
OleniteNaAl3Al6Si6O18(BO3)3O3OH
BuergeriteNaFe<3+> 3Al6Si6O18(BO3)3O3F
PovondraiteNaFe<3+> 3(Fe<3+> 4Mg2Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
VanadiumdraviteNaMg3V6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3F
UviteCaMg3(MgAl5Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3F
Hydroxy-CaFe<2+> 3(MgAl5Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
feruvite
Rossmanite(LiAl2)Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
Foitite(Fe<2+> 2Al)Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
Magnesiofoitite(Mg2Al)Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4
[0004] A characteristic of tourmaline is that the crystal is electrically polarized on one axis of the crystal. In its natural state there is a potential difference that exists along the face of one side of the crystal. The tourmaline crystal also distorts when an electric field is placed across the crystal.
[0005] Batteries are used to supply electric energy and are well known in the arts. The standard design of a battery consists of a metallic anode, a metallic cathode, separated by an electrolyte material. The generation of electricity is accomplished by separating the reactive components so that the transfer of energy must take place through an external circuit. The anode is the cell electrode where chemical oxidation occurs. The cathode is where chemical reduction occurs in the cell. The cell electrolyte completes the electric circuit by causing the flow of positive and negative ions (called cations and anions, respectively) between the anode and cathode. (See the Chemical Engineer's Handbook, John H. Perry's, 4 edition, 1963, McGraw Hill, pp. 25-25).
[0006] A United States patent application publication to Jyoya (Mar 10, 2005, Jyoya, US 2005/0052824) describes a battery using volcanic ash and other mineral ores. This application mentions 'other mineral ores' including the minerals of the tourmaline group. The construction of a battery of this type provides a generating potential of 1V (unloaded), 0.5V (loaded with a external resistance of 1K) and a current of 0.5 milliamperes.
[0007] A mineral battery is described in a Japanese patent to Maeyama (18 Apr. 2002, Maeyama, 02/31895, PCT/JP00/07059). This device consists of a powder of polar crystal material with water content of more than 5 mass % in a battery housing having an outer wall and with an anode, a cathode and with respective terminals. The preferred embodiment is created from the tourmaline group.
[0008] U.S. Pat. No. 5,601,909 to Kubo (Feb. 11, 1997), describes the fabrication of tourmaline to create 'permanent electrodes' by creating conditions to align the crystal structures.
[0009] A polar crystal battery (hereinafter called a "polar mineral battery") can be constructed by placing powdered polar crystal material with an electrolyte in a container, with terminals for the anode and cathode electrical connections. However, simply putting the materials together does not result in a useful battery. The present invention is a method for constructing a useful battery.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
[0010] FIG. 1 is a flow chart of steps for making a battery according to embodiments of the invention.
[0011] FIG. 2 is a flow chart of steps for further embodiments of the invention.
[0012] FIG. 3 is a flow chart of the steps for further embodiments of the invention
[0013] FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic drawing of a three pole rotating EMF with the material to be treated in the center.
[0014] FIG. 5 is a diagrammatic drawing for the step of applying a voltage according to an embodiment of the invention
[0015] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram for configurations of series and parallel mineral batteries to increase either voltage and/or current.
[0016] FIG. 7 is a flow chart of the steps for further embodiments of the invention.
[0017] FIG. 8 is a diagrammatic cross section of a battery according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION
[0018] Exemplary construction of a polar mineral battery is shown in the WIPO publication number WO 02/31895, the content of which is incorporated herein by reference according to the English language translation made a part of this description as Attachment "A". In this description the term "battery" can mean a single cell battery or a cell of a multi-cell battery, and the term "cell" generally means a cell of a multi-cell battery.
[0019] The present invention resides in a method or methods of making an operable polar mineral battery. As will be seen, the broadest embodiment of the invention resides in use of a polar crystal mineral, and more narrowly, tourmaline as a preferred polar crystal mineral and a process to energize the polar crystal mineral. In a more particular embodiment the polar crystal material is energized by exposing it to a rotating EMF (REMF). Other steps and alternative embodiments are described below.
[0020] Steps for embodiments of the present invention are shown in FIG. 1. There are shown as two alternatives, Alternative 1 and Alternative 2. Other embodiments are described below.
[0021] The first step refers to the polar crystal material. Higher purity of the polar crystal material produces better performance. The preferred material is tourmaline. The material is rendered into a finely ground powder form by known means. The particle size range can be from sub-micron to about 400 mesh. While there is no lower limit to the particle size (all particle sizes referred to herein are average particle size, based on known measurement standards), it is considered that to obtain particle size under 1 micron is not cost effective with relation to the increased electromotive force available from smaller particle size. Further there is no upper limit but when over about 1 mm, the level of decrease of electromotive force is undesirable, therefore a preferred upper limit is about 1 mm. This results in a preferred particle size range of from about 1 micron to about 1 mm. A more preferred particle size is between about 2-5 microns.
[0022] A preferred material is tourmaline and its particle size range is as above, more preferably, about 3 microns.
[0023] A conductive liquid is selected. Water is the preferred liquid but other conductive liquids such as alcohol can be used. While tap water can be used, purer water is preferred. Distilled water is not recommended due to its lower conductivity. The quantity of water should be more than about 5%, more desirably over about 10%. It should be under about 30%, and more desirably under about 20%. A preferred range for the water is about 17-18%. The measurement of water content is done by comparing the difference in the mass weight of dried powder with the mass weight of powder divided by the mass weight of dried powder, this will be referred to as mass percent and is the standard for percentages herein unless the description is expressly different.
[0024] Dried tourmaline powder is produced by placing a tourmaline powder in an oven at 105[deg.] C. for a period of 1 hour.
[0025] It is also appreciated that when the polar crystal powder is prepared by crushing in air with 60-70% relative humidity, the air will contain about 6-8% of water content, in which case it can be used without additional water, or if a higher percentage of water is desired, it can be added to obtain a desired percentage of water.
[0026] Referring to FIG. 1; first the polar crystal powder is provided as described above.
[0027] Then, according to Alternative 1, the conductive liquid, such as water is subjected to an REMF, and separately, the polar crystal powder is also subjected to a REMF. Details of the REMF are described below. Then, the now energized polar crystal powder and liquid are mixed together to produce a mixture. The mixing step is described below. Then the mixture is compacted in a suitable battery housing and sealed.
[0028] Now referring to Alternative 2, it differs from Alternative 1 in that the conductive liquid and the polar crystal powder are first mixed to produce the mixture. Then the mixture is subjected to an REMF. Then the now energized mixture is compacted in suitable battery housing and sealed. This alternative 2 is the preferred method of those in FIG. 1. Various conductive liquids can be used such as water and alcohol. It is considered, with respect to the use of water, that purified water will provide better results. It is also considered that alcohol will provide higher current but for a shorter time. The preferred water percent is about 17% to about 18%.
[0029] As will be described below the battery resulting from these and in fact all alternatives will have an anode and a cathode embedded in the compacted mixture in the battery housing and connected to them connecting means to enable connection of the battery into a circuit.
[0030] The process of applying to the selected material the REMF is accomplished by placing it in the center of an REMF mechanism as shown diagrammatically in FIG. 4.
[0031] In summary, as shown in FIG. 1 in Alternative 1, the REMF is applied separately to the polar crystal material and the conductive liquid while in Alternative 2, the polar crystal material and the conductive liquid are mixed first. The preferred method is Alternative 2.
[0032] Application of the REMF improves the ability to obtain electricity from the battery, and it is considered that this is due to the EMF improving alignment of the charged crystals. The REMF is preferably provided using a three-pole mechanism that generates the REMF (see FIG. 4), the poles being located 120 degrees apart. Generally, applying the REMF longer will improve results. The length of time of application of the REMF is selected in order to obtain effect on the polar crystal material to a satisfactory degree. In the preferred embodiment the REMF is applied for a period of at least about 30 minutes to about 1 hour.
[0033] The REMF is applied at a selected frequency. Preferably a REMF frequency in the range of at least about 48 MHz to about 800 MHz is applied to the mixture of polar crystal material and liquid (Alternative 2). It is considered that for Alternative 1, in which the polar crystal material is treated separately, the frequency range is at least about 48 MHz to about 3 GHz. The frequency range for the liquid alone in Alternative 1 is preferably in the range of at least about 48 MHz to about 800 MHz, preferably from about 700 MHz to about 800 MHz.
[0034] With respect to the compacting step of Alternatives 1 and 2 of FIG. 1, it is performed with sufficient compaction to substantially expel air (which is nonconductive) entrained in the mixture. The compaction will also push the material particles closer together and increase the contact area of particles, which is considered to result in higher current. Also, the compaction will increase the amount of material in the battery, which will enhance its performance. While there may be some piezoelectric effect by this step, that is not the purpose. The compaction should preferably exceed about 3 atmospheres.
[0035] With respect to the sealing step of Alternatives 1 and 2, it is important to seal the battery quickly.
[0036] FIG. 2 shows the steps of the above procedure but with an additional step in each of Alternatives 1 and 2 the processes being designated alternative 1a and 2a respectively. That additional step is to apply a high voltage to the material in the battery housing, before sealing, that material of course now comprising the polar crystal material and the liquid that has been subjected to the REMF treatment and has been compacted into the battery housing.
[0037] FIG. 3 shows further alternatives, Alternative 3 and Alternative 4. In each of Alternatives 3 and 4, the mixture of polar crystal material and conductive liquid are first put into the housing (for the battery) and are then subjected to the REMF. This avoids transferring the mixture after application of the REMF since such transfer may degrade the effect of the REMF. In Alternative 4 the application of high voltage after application of the REMF is included, but in Alternative 3 it is omitted. It is considered that when the REMF is applied while the mixture is already in the housing that application of the voltage may not be necessary; however in Alternative 4 it is used nevertheless as it is considered to enhance the current available.
[0038] FIG. 5 shows schematically application of the high voltage. A preferred voltage is about 50,000 volts. The mixture of polar crystal material and liquid 10 is in a battery housing 12, and a voltage source 14 is connected and the voltage applied. The cover 16 is then put over the battery housing 12. Not shown are the conventional additional parts of a battery, which are well known, the anode, the cathode and terminals all of which are described and shown in the above referenced WIPO publication number WO 02/31895
[0039] After passing the voltage through the mixture, the battery is sealed, and it is still important to seal it quickly after the voltage treatment.
[0040] Exemplary construction alternatives of a polar mineral battery that may be applied to the present invention are shown in the WIPO publication number WO 02/31895, referred to above.
[0041] For a given quantity of polar crystal material and liquid mixture, dividing it up into separate batteries, or separate battery cells and connecting them in series and/or parallel gives better output than using the total volume as one battery or cell. This is schematically illustrated in FIG. 6. By configuring multiple mineral batteries or cells in series, the total electric potential may be increased in an additive fashion as shown in FIG. 6. By configuring multiple mineral batteries in parallel, the amount of current available may be increased in an additive fashion as shown in FIG. 6.
[0042] Assuming that the mixture is homogeneous, as it should be, the quantity Q can be divided by either volume or weight. The illustration showing division into three batteries or cells is exemplary as the number of divisions will depend on the practical manufacture of mixtures and the division into a battery having a number of such cells; all of which can be determined according to the desired commercial products.
[0043] FIG. 7 shows a flow chart for the process, when a given volume of material is divided into cells for an integral battery product. In Alternative 5, the PRIOR STEPS-I refers to the previously described Alternatives 1 a and 2a as shown if FIG. 2 in which after those steps but before the compacting step, fractional portions of the mixture will be compacted into a plurality of battery housings instead of a single battery housing, and will then be subjected to a high voltage, and then sealed. In Alternative 6, the PRIOR STEPS-II refers to Alternative 3 as shown in FIG. 3 in which after those steps but before the compacting step fractional portions of the mixture into a plurality of battery housings occurs and then each battery is subjected to a and sealed. As described above, in Alternative 6, a further alternative is to apply a high voltage to each battery after the application of REMF; that is replicating Alternative 4 with a plurality of battery housings. Also, each of alternatives 1 and 2 as shown in FIG. 1 can be used for multi-cell manufacture in which the compacting step is in a plurality of battery housings.
[0044] A battery or a cell constructed according to the present invention is shown in FIG. 8 in which a housing 20 is shown, constructed from a non-conductive material and consisting of a solid base 22 and a cap 24. The cap 24 has two holes for the anode lead 26 and the cathode lead 28 respectively. The leads are dimensioned to a size that either meets or exceeds the current requirements of the battery with an appropriate safety margin. The anode lead 26 is connected to anode plate 30 constructed from zinc (Zn) or other adequate material by a connecting element 32. The cathode lead 28 is connected to the cathode plate 34 constructed from copper (Cu), silver (Ag), gold (Au) or other adequate material by a connecting element 36. The cathode plate 34 may be solid or a mesh material to provide a greater contact area. The cathode plate 34 may also be constructed from a carbon material as is found in Leclanche cells. The anode plate 30 and cathode plate 34 are separated in the housing 20 and do not come into contact with each other. The mixture is in place around the anode plate and cathode plate as known in conventional batteries and cells.
[0045] The cap 24 is constructed in such a way that when placed base 22 a seal is created. The mineral battery or cell housing can be constructed from a variety of non-conductive materials, including plastic.
[0046] The foregoing Detailed Description of exemplary and preferred embodiments is presented for purposes of illustration and disclosure in accordance with the requirements of the law. It is not intended to be exhaustive nor to limit the invention to the precise form(s) described, but only to enable others skilled in the art to understand how the invention may be suited for a particular use or implementation. The possibility of modifications and variations will be apparent to practitioners skilled in the art. No limitation is intended by the description of exemplary embodiments which may have included tolerances, feature dimensions, specific operating conditions, engineering specifications, or the like, and which may vary between implementations or with changes to the state of the art, and no limitation should be implied therefrom. This disclosure has been made with respect to the current state of the art, but also contemplates advancements and that adaptations in the future may take into consideration of those advancements, namely in accordance with the then current state of the art. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the Claims as written and equivalents as applicable. Reference to a claim element in the singular is not intended to mean "one and only one" unless explicitly so stated. Moreover, no element, component, nor method or process step in this disclosure is intended to be dedicated to the public regardless of whether the element, component, or step is explicitly recited in the Claims. No claim element herein is to be construed under the provisions of 35 U.S.C. Sec. 112, sixth paragraph, unless the element is expressly recited using the phrase "means for . . . " and no method or process step herein is to be construed under those provisions unless the step, or steps, are expressly recited using the phrase "step(s) for . . . "
Data supplied from the esp@cenet database - Worldwide

Tourmaline: WASHING AID AND METHOD FOR USING THE SAME

WASHING AID AND METHOD FOR USING THE SAME

Publication number: JP2001164296
Publication date: 2001-06-19
Inventor: KIMURA SOSUKE; NAKAI MASAAKI
Applicant: ECOLOGICA KK
Classification:
- international: D06F39/02; C11D7/20; C11D7/22; C11D17/00; D06F39/02; C11D7/02; C11D7/22; C11D17/00; (IPC1-7): C11D17/00; C11D7/20; D06F39/02
- European:
Application number: JP19990348916 19991208
Priority number(s): JP19990348916 19991208


Abstract of JP2001164296

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To apply a polymeric composition of tourmaline and garnet to washing.

SOLUTION: This washing aid is obtained by molding and processing a rubber composition comprising 3-100 pts.wt. of a mixture of the tourmaline with garnet compounded therein or a plastic composition comprising 3-50 pts.wt. of the mixture of the tourmaline with garnet into the form of a sheet. The method of detergent-free washing or washing with a reduced detergent comprises introducing the washing aid together with a material to be washed in a washing bath when carrying out the washing using a commercial available washing machine. Thereby, the washing is carried out by introducing the washing aid in place of the detergent into the material to be washed in which a salad oil is permeated into a commercially available towel. As a result, it may be said that the amount of a detected n-hexane extracted fraction contained in wash water exhibits emulsification of the salad oil as effects of action of the washing aid. That is, the washing using the washing aid suggests the materialization of the detergent-free washing or the washing with the reduced detergent.

Tourmaline: Method and apparatus for producing hydroxyl ion containing air for humidification

Publication number: EP0806209
Publication date: 1997-11-12
Inventor: KUBO TETSUJIRO (JP)
Applicant: KUBO TETSUJIRO (JP)
Classification:
- international: A61L9/22; A61N1/44; F24F6/04; F24F1/00; A61L9/22; A61N1/00; F24F6/02; F24F1/00; (IPC1-7): A61L9/22; F24F6/00
- European: A61L9/22; F24F6/04B
Application number: EP19970301735 19970314
Priority number(s): JP19960084497 19960314

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Also published as:

EP0806209 (A2-corr)
EP0806209 (A2)
JP9250785 (A)



Cited documents:

US3832554
EP0421702
US5601909
JP8071409


Abstract of EP0806209
An apparatus and method for producing hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification, by which the humidity of the air is increased and stabilized and which can be always used without limitation of season, climate and area. According to preferable embodiment, the apparatus comprises fibrous humidifying means by water vaporization, blowing means for directly compulsory blowing air to the humidifying means and a tourmaline carrier located at the down wind of humidifying means so that they can contact to the air. The tourmaline carrier comprises tourmaline particles having the average size of 0.3 to 3 microns and air contacting means, which is formed by mixing the tourmaline particles, which has the volume intrinsic electrical resistance of 10<7> to 10<10> OMEGA . cm, and which has the large surface area and which is breathable due to its structure such as sponge-shaped structure, honeycomb-shaped structure, aggregate-shaped structure of particles.





Description of EP0806209



BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



1. Field of the Invention


An apparatus and method for producing hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with function of humidification in accordance with the present invention generally relate to those for reforming air in living environment wherein the minus ions (hydroxyl ions) contained in the reformed air is absorbed into a body through the body surface and by means of the respiration, offering useful effect in the field of health and medical treatment.

Therefore, the apparatus and method are utilized for reforming air in the rooms of hospitals, asylum for the aged, homes, offices and any other places. The resultant hydroxyl minus ion - containing air has a large deodorizing effect, adding to the above effect in the field of health and medical treatment.


2. Description of the Prior Art


More than 50 years ago, experts in many fields found that ions contained in air have various kinds of function by large scaled researches. Hence, there have been many researches related to methods and apparatuses for generating the useful minus ions.

The present inventors filed, on 1994 August 31, an invention (Japanese Patent Application Number 6-23045) related to the apparatus and method for producing "hydroxyl minus ion - containing air" by contacting, small aggregates each of which consists of water molecules and which form moisture in air, to numberless of micro electric fields generated by the electrodes of tourmalines carried by the tourmaline carner so that the water molecules of each small aggregate are partially ionized.

The present invention is based on the above prior invention. The basic technique of this prior invention is that the small aggregates, each of which consists of water molecules in the air and which are usually recognized as a moisture component, are ionized into plus and minus ions by utilizing the micro electrodes of the tourmalines. That is to say, the amount of moisture component has a large influence to the structure of the apparatus and the method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification. Actually, during the application of the above prior invention, this was clearly proved by the present inventors through their research, experiments and execution tests.

In connection with this fact, as a treatment for solving the problem of the prior invention, some points which should be improved in the prior invention and new matters which should be added to the prior invention are found clearly. This treatment offers the greatly improved and stabilized technical contents and effects, further, enlarged application field and operation over the above prior invention. Since this treatment requires large modification in the theory, construction, and operation, the inventors decided new patent application as the present invention.

The (relative) humidity of the air in our living environment vigorously changes throughout a year. In the pacific-side area of Japan, temperature is low and absolute humidity is also low outside in winter, additionally, in the room, the relative humidity is further low due to heating. Hence, humidifiers are commonly used in such climate condition of winter.

In this season, the concentration of small aggregate of water molecule serving as a moisture component in air is largely decreased, that is to say, the humidity is decreased to a great degree. Therefore, the efficiency of humidifier for producing the minus ions ions in accordance with the above prior invention is lowered so that its effect is decreased. Further, it is often expenenced that humidity changes not only as season changes, but also as climate changes in short period.

The temperature differs very much every zone in the world, in its tropical zone, subtropical zone, temperate zone, and frigid zone. Likely, the humidity differs very much every zone. Accordingly, the effect in the application of the apparatus of the above prior invention also differs very much every zone. The solution for this problem is the important research theme of the technique in the prior invention and inevitable for utilizing this apparatus. In the view of importance of this solution, the present inventors have performed various theoretical researches and experiments for about one year in order to carry out actual execution tests and solve this problem. As a result, the present invention is attained.

As stated above, the apparatus and method of the present invention can be always applied and stable effect can be obtained in regardless to season, climate, and zone where they are used. That is to say, the present invention improves fundamentally the technique of the prior invention, increases the effect obtained by the prior invention, and enlarges the application field of this technique drastically.

According to the apparatus and method in the prior invention, the aggregates each of which consists of water molecules in the air and which have been forced to pass by blowing means using a fan, are passed through the "air contact reaction unit" together with the air. During this passing, from each small aggregate of water molecules (the aggregate is said to consist of about three molecules), which is recognized as the moisture component, the water molecules are partially ionized in the numberless of micro electrical fields formed by the electrodes of the refined tourmalines careered by the tourmaline carrier. Thus, the "hydroxyl minus ion" - containing air is produced so as to be diffused in space. This operation is carried out repeatedly.


SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


On the other hand, in the present invention, the passed air is humidified just before passed through the "air contact reaction unit" so as to have relative humidity of 40 to 60 % when it passes this unit. For this, the "humidification unit" is located so that the air can be passed through it just before introduced into the "air contact reaction unit". Further, the amount of the passed air is adjusted as desired.

There are many types of method and means for humidifying air. They are generally divided in two types; one type includes those by vaporization and the other type includes those by sprayed steam. In the both cases, they are called as humidifiers. However, the condition of water forming the moisture by one type differs clearly from that by the other type. It is sure that original water is in liquid phase in the both cases. Then, the moisture component produced by using the vaporization is not in the state of liquid phase but "gas phase" so as to have material property of gas. Precisely, the small aggregates each consisting of about three water molecules are diffused, mixed and floated in the air molecules (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide gas and the like) in air. The size of each aggregate is substantially same as the size of each air molecule. It was disclosed that the particle size of the aggregate is approximately 6 to 7 x 10<-8> cm (Static Electricity Handbook published by Polymer Society in 1989 October).

The water in the gas phase of this moisture component is aggregated so as to be water in liquid phase for forming water droplets or water screens when the humidity is decreased to a point. This point is called as dew point humidity. The particle shaped water in liquid phase is called as the water droplet. The particle size of water droplet of mist is 0.01 mm, while the water droplet of rain is in the range of 0.5 to 3 mm. It is therefore said that the one water droplet of rain corresponds to 1,000,000 water droplets of mist.

In Japan, so-called ultrasonic humidifiers are often used. In the ultrasonic humidifier, each water droplet of water in liquid phase is broken by ultrasonic pressure vibration and the resultant small water droplet in the state of steam is sprayed into the air. On the other hand, in the humidifier by water vaporization the water in liquid phase is volatilized and vaporized. Precisely, the small water droplet obtained in the ultrasonic humidifier is a water particle in liquid phase formed by braking the water droplet with mechanical force. Accordingly, the size ol the particle in the state of steam is different from that obtained by water vaporization. In the case of ultrasonic humidifier, the steam is visible in the state of white mist just after spraying.

In the case of ultrasonic humidifier, unlike the humidifier by vaporization, the impurities are often contained, sometimes bacteria or virus are contaminated or dissolved in water particles in the slate of mist. After each water droplet in the state of mist is secondly volatilized (vaporized), the moisture component in the gas phase is obtained. On this volatilization, the impurities contaminated in the water particles are separated from the water molecules so as to become impurities in air, which causes sanitary problem. Additionally, the water droplets are sometimes not secondly vaporized and attached to the surface of the units of apparatus as they are, which causes "wetting". After that, they are volatilized (vaporized) so as to become moisture component in air.

Among the above two kinds of means for humidifying, as the method used in the present invention, the means by water vaporization should be selected. The means, like the ultrasonic humidifier, where the water is used in the state of steam is unsuitable, because by such means, the wetting would be caused on the surface of tourmaline carrier in the air contact reaction unit, resulting in disturbing electrode reaction.

In the case of humidifying by water vaporization, the amount of water volatilized by this vaporization is proportion to the difference between humidity of the passed air when humidified at the humidification unit and saturated humidity at the temperature of the air passed through the humidifation unit. Additionally, this amount generally depends on the absorbing ability of passed air which is humidified, the absorbing ability of humidifying material in the humidification unit, and efficiency and contact time between the passed air and humidifying material. When the passed air is dry and has low humidity, the degree of humidification of the air is increased. On the other hand, when the passed air has high humidity, the humidification degree is decreased.

Therefore, humidity conditioning is performed according to the humidity of the passed air. The humidification degree can be controlled by adjusting the volume (speed) of compulsory blowing air. It is common that comfortable temperature and humidity in the living environment is 15 to 20 DEG C and 40 to 60 %, respectively. It is required to consider the structure and adjusting operation of this apparatus in order to include the temperature and humidity in such ranges.

It is clear from the above explanation that, in summer, when humidity is high and temperature is high, the moisture component can be partially changed to the hydroxyl ions by this apparatus. These hydroxyl ions accelerate the vaporization of water (sweat) attached to the surface of skin and under wear of each user. Then, the user feels comfortable, because the water's temperature is decreased by expensing vaporization heat. This effect is similar to the effect of cooling fan. On the other hand, in winter, when air is dry and humidity is low, this apparatus can be used for humidifying. Additionally, since this humidifying is carried out by vaporization, air is not contaminated.

In the apparatus and method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification in accordance with the present invention, the ionization of not air itself but of water in the air is directed. This direction is basically the same as the above prior invention on which the present invention is based. Then, the present inventors paid attention to the fact that water is contained in air. The water contained in air is called as moisture whose degree is expressed by humidity. The water is floated in the form of small aggregates each consisting of few water molecules. The radius of the water molecule is 1.5 x 10<-8> cm.

According to the apparatus and method in the above prior invention, the aggregates, each of which consists of water molecules in air and which has been forced to pass by blowing means using a fan, are passed through the "air contact reaction unit". On the passing, from each small aggregate of water molecules (it is said that the aggregate consists of about three molecules), which is recognized as the moisture component, the molecules are partially ionized in the numberless of micro electrical fields formed by the electrodes of the refined tourmalines carried by the tourmaline carrier. Thus, the "hydroxyl minus ion" - containing air is produced so as to be diffused in space. This operation is carried out repeatedly.

In the present invention, the apparatus and method of the pnor invention are totally utilized. However, according to the present invention, the passed air is humidified just before passed through the "air contact reaction unit". Concretely, the "humidification unit" is located so that the air is passed through it just before introduced into the "air contact reaction unit". Further, the amount of the passed air is adjusted as desired.

Now, the concrete construction of the present apparatus and method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification is stated closely. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the apparatus for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification has the following construction. This apparatus comprises the humidifying means by water vaporization. Then, this apparatus comprises the tourmaline carrier, which is provided so as to be located at the down wind of the humidifying means. Further, this apparatus comprises the blowing means, which directly blows air to the tourmaline carrier and the above humidifying means by water vaporization so that the tourmaline carrier and the humidifying means can contact to the air.

The above tourmaline carrier comprises the tourmaline particles having the average size of 0.3 to 3 microns and the air contacting means which is formed by mixing the above tourmaline particles, which has the volume intrinsic electrical resistance of 10<7> to 10<10> OMEGA .cm, which has the large surface area and which is breathable due to its structure such as sponge-shaped structure, honeycomb-shaped structure, aggregate-shaped structure of particles, or the like.

Secondly, in accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification has the following construction. This method comprises directly blowing, with the blowing means, the air to the tourmaline carrier, which is located at the down wind of the humidifying means by water vaporization so that the tourmaline carrier can contact to the air. Thus, the water (moisture) in the air is ionized so that the hydroxyl ions can be produced.

The above tourmaline carrier comprises the tourmaline particles having the average size of 0.3 to 3 microns and the air contacting means which is formed by mixing the above tourmaline particles, which has the volume intrinsic electrical resistance of 10<7> to 10<10> OMEGA . cm, which has the large surface area and which is breathable due to its structure such as sponge-shaped structure, honeycomb-shaped structure, aggregate-shaped structure of particles, or the like.

Thirdly, in accordance with still another aspect of the present invention, the apparatus for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification has the following construction. This apparatus has the same construction as that of the first mentioned apparatus except one matter explained below. Accordingly, the whole of explanation of the construction of the above apparatus is used and one matter is added to it. Precisely, in this apparatus, the tourmaline carrier is specified as the carrier manufactured with fiber, elastomer, ceramic or plastic.

At last, in accordance with further another aspect of the present invention, the method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification has the following construction. This method has the same construction as that of the secondly mentioned method except one matter explained below. Accordingly, the whole of explanation of the construction of the above method is used and one matter is added to it. Precisely, in this method, the tourmaline carrier is specified as the carner manufactured with fiber, elastomer, ceramic or plastic.


BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS


The object and advantages of the invention will become understood from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments thereof in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a front sectional view showing an embodiment of the apparatus for producing hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a front sectional view showing another embodiment of the apparatus in accordance with the present invention;
Fi g. 3 is a front sectional view showing still another embodiment of the apparatus in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged plan view of the part of tourmaline, carrier of the apparatus in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a front sectional view showing further another embodiment of the apparatus in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 6 is a front sectional view showing still further another embodiment of the apparatus in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 7 is a temperature graph showing the result of measurement using the apparatus according to the present invention;
Fig. 8 is a humidity graph showing the result of measurement using the apparatus according to the present invention;
Fig. 9 is a numerical graph showing the temperature of Table 1;
Fig. 10 is a numerical graph showing the humidity of Table 1;
Fig.11 is a numerical graph showing the temperature of Table 2;
Fig. 12 is a numerical graph showing the humidity of Table 2;
Fig. 13 is a numerical graph showing the temperature of Table 3; and
Fig. 14 is a numerical graph showing the humidity of Table 3.



DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT


Now, the embodiments of apparatus and method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification in accordance with the present invention are explained. First, in this apparatus and method, humidifying means by water vaporization is used. With this means, water is soaked into a fabric and the like and blowing is occurred there. Next, a tourmaline carrier is used, which is manufactured with a substance being breathable such as fabric. This tourmaline carrier is located down wind of the above humidifying means by water vaporization. Then, compulsory blowing means such as an electric fan and the like is used. This means directly forces the air to blow to the tourmaline carrier and the humidifying means by water vaporization so that the tourmaline carrier and the humidifying,,means can contact to the air.This blowing means may be located either up wind or down wind of the above humidifying means and tourmaline carrier or may be located at the intermediate between the above humidifying means and tourmaline carrier.

This tourmaline carrier comprises the tourmaline particles having the average size of 0.3 to 3 microns and the air contacting means which is formed by mixing the above tourmaline particles, which has the volume intrinsic electncal resistance of 10<7> to 10<10> OMEGA .cm, and which has the large surface area and which is breathable due to its structure such as sponge-shaped structure, honeycomb-shaped structure, aggregate-shaped structure of particles, or the like.


Embodiment


Now, embodiments of the apparatus and method for producing hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification in accordance with the present invention are stated below. First, as for humidifying means and method thereof, a water tank is provided so as to be located adjacent to the apparatus. Since the water is used for humidifying passed air, the tank stores water in order to compensate the decrease of water. Then, this tank is preferably structured so that water can be easily supplied thereto. The water discharged from the tank (water tank) is absorbed through the under surface of a humidification mat (or fabric) and used for humidifying the air which has been blown by a fan. The tank is configured so that water can be always supplied thereto.

There are two types of absorbing material and manner of use. One type of absorbing material is a mat manufactured with a polymeric compound. This polymeric compound is called as a polymeric high-absorbing material and can absorb water of 10 to 100 times as much as its own weight. This mat has the constant thickness and is configured so as to contain sufficient amount of water and be highly breathable, for example the mat has a sponge-shaped structure. By partially immersing the end of mat into the water tank, the water is absorbed on the total surface of the mat. Then, since the water absorbed on the surface of the mat is contacted with the air passed through small ventilating holes formed on the total surface of the mat, the water is vaporized whereby the humidity of the passed air is increased.The other type of absorbing material is a belt manufactured by a fabric which is considerably easy to be wet and highly breathable. The lower end of belt is immersed into the water tank with a roller. The lower end of belt is wet in the water tank, and by rotating slowly an upper roller, the lower end of belt is moved up to reach the upper roller. On moving up, air is contacted with the fabric for humidification.

In the above both types, it is important that the humidification unit is located so that the air is passed through it just before introduced into the contact reaction unit, which is produced with the tourmaline carrier. By this location, the air is passed through the contact reaction unit while it is humidified. In the same way as common air conditioner, at the inlet of contact reaction unit, a filter is provided so as to remove dusts in the air.

Now, the apparatus and method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification in accordance with the present invention are stated below by way of their concrete embodiments in connection with the accompanying drawings. As shown in the front sectional view of Fig. 1, this apparatus comprises the humidifying means 1. In this humidifying means 1, the absorbing material manufactured with fiber, elastomer, ceramic, or plastic is immersed into water, and the air is passed through the absorbing material in order to vaporize the water. In Fig. 1, the immersed portion 1a of the humidifying means 1 is provided at the opposite sides of the humidification main body 1b. However, as shown in Fig. 2, the immersed portions la may be provided at the center of the humidification main body 1b.In the apparatuses shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the humidifying means 1 is provided vertically and the tourmaline carriers 2 stated below is provided horizontally. On the other hand, as shown in Fig. 3, the humidifying means 1 and the tourmaline carriers 2 may be provided vertically.

Next, the tourmaline carrier 2 comprising breathable material such as fabric is provided. The tourmaline carrier 2 is located down wind of the humidifying means 1 by water vaporization. Then, this apparatus comprises an electric fan 3 serving as a compulsory blowing means. The electric fan 3 directly forces air to blow to the tourmaline carrier 2 and the above humidifying means 1 by vaporization of water so that the tourmaline carrier and the humidifying means contact to the air. The electric fan 3 may be located either up wind or down wind of the above humidifying means 1 and tourmaline carrier 2 or it may be located at the intermediate between them. The above mentioned parts are installed in a frame body 4. Then, when the apparatus is operated, the desired amount of water 5 is supplied to the water tank 4a which defines the lower portion of the frame body 4.

As shown in partially enlarged plan view of Fig. 4, the above mentioned tourmaline carner 2 comprises tourmaline particles 2a each having the particle size of 0.3 to 3 microns and a substance 2b which is formed by mixing these tourmaline particles 2a and which has the volume intrinsic electrical resistance of 10<7> to 10<10> OMEGA .cm. Then, this substance 2b has the large surface area and is breathable due to its structure such as sponge-shaped structure, honeycomb-shaped structure, aggregate-shaped structure of particles so as to be air contacting means 2b.

The electric fan 3 directly forces the air to blow to the above tourmaline carrier 2 which is located down wind of the humidifying means I by water vaporization so that the carrier 2 can contact to the air. By this contacting, the water molecules (moisture) in the air is ionized so that minus ions can be obtained.

In the embodiments of Figs. 1 to 3, the air is blown in the upward direction. However, the embodiments of Figs 5 and 6, the air is blown in the horizontal direction. The embodiments of Figs. 1 to 3 are preferably used for small size apparatuses, while the embodiments of Figs 5 and 6 are preferably used for medium size apparatuses. In every embodiment except the embodiment of Fig. 6, the humidifying means 1 is a fix-type. In the embodiment of Fig. 6, the humidifying means 1 is a belt-type. The humidifying means 1 is rotated by a motor through a pair of rollers 1c. The humidifying means 1 is continuously immersed into the water tank 5 located below the humidifying means 1. In each of'the embodiments shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the electrical motor M of the electric fan 3 is covered with a water proof cover. This electric fan 3 is a rotary type. A rotating fin 6 is located down wind of the electric fan 3 and reciprocatively rotated with a motor 6a so that the air is fed out and diffused.

Now, the research for the effect of the present invention is explained.

Content: "Generator for hydroxyl minus ion - containing air" in accordance with the present invention was configured as an experimental model for the purpose of recognizing the following effect.

Object: This research was performed for recognizing the effect obtained by provision of a humidification filter. This humidification filter was provided so that air was humidified for increasing its humidity just before being passed through another filter by compulsory blowing. This filter used in the compulsory blowing was manufactured with rayon fiber (nonwoven fabric) and carried tourmaline crystals having permanent electrodes.

Apparatus used in research: The elements ol the apparatus used in this research is shown in Fig. 1. In this Figure, the present apparatus comprises a wooden frame body 4 and air contact reaction unit 2, which carries tourmaline crystals and which is manufactured with rayon nonwoven fabric. Then, the apparatus comprises an axial fan 3 which has 12 VDC, which is produced by Olix Co. and which is used for blowing. Further, the apparatus comprises a water container (water tank) 4a which is used for immersing the lower end of humidification mat.

Experiment: As the experimental models, vaporization type humidifier made in USA and that made in Swiss and vaporization type cooling fan humidifier by Toshiba Co. in Japan were used. The effect obtained by the provision of humidification unit was remarkable in every reformed experimental model.

In the case of experimental model in accordance with the above prior invention, the season with low humidity from 1994 December to 1995 February, there were some answers that deodorant effect against the smell caused by smoking was reduced (there were some answers, particularly in the room where there were many smokers, " The effect was reduced").

However, in the case of experimental model in accordance with the present invention, very good evaluations could be obtained as the following answers.

a. "Not only deodorant effect but also comfortable feeling of the air in the room where the apparatus was used could be obtained clearly."
b. "When only a cooler without the humidification unit was operated, specific uncomfortable feeling was caused."
c. "The feeling for the air in the room where the apparatus was used differed drastically from that in the room where the apparatus was not used."
d. "Pets (Cats) would not go out from the room where the apparatus was used."
e. "My appetite was increased." "I was not tired in the room where the apparatus is used." and "I could sleep well."
f. "I want that the apparatus can be soon available in market."


As stated above, the very good evaluations could be obtained. Therefore, it is expected the apparatuses are used in many places such as office, home, hospital, asylum for the aged, traffic (train, car, airplane) and the like.

When the apparatus and method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air in accordance with the present invention are applied, the following conditions are preferably required.

a. The presence of small aggregates each of which consists of few water molecules is important point of the present invention. Accordingly, the common vaporization type humidifier must be used in the apparatus and method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air. The ultrasonic spray type is not available, because, if humidifier of this type is used, the tourmaline carner in the air reaction unit would be wet, whereby electrode reaction would not be occurred.
b. The apparatus should be configured such that after the air is passed through the humidification unit, the resultant moisture component can be passed through the air reaction unit as it is.Then, the minus ions (hydroxyl ions) produced in the air reaction unit are mixed into the moisture component in the air. It should be noted that although the minus ions are unstable in the liquid, they are stable in air, because the air serves as an isolator. But when the minus ions are absorbed into water or sweat on the skin surface of a human body, they work as surface active agents.
c. It is generally said that comfortable humidity is 40 to 60 %. However, in the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air, these ions are adsorbed and absorbed into the water on the surface of skin and under wear of each user so that the water vaporization is accelerated. Since vaporization heat is expensed, the user can feel that the humidity is decreased and the climate is comfortable even in summer with high humidity.In this situation, the hydroxyl ions function as not minus ions in the air but surface active agents for the water.


Now, the experiment is explained concretely.


1. Method of Experiment




(1) The experimental apparatus as shown in Fig. 1 was operated on a desk at the corner of a room having the area of 39.6 m<2>.
(2) The room is closed except when a person goes in and out of the room.
(3) Cooler and heater are used as usual.



2. Measurement




(1) The temperature and humidity (relative) were measured near the experimental apparatus (spaced from the apparatus with the distance of 50 cm to 1m) at the same height as that of the apparatus. At the same time, the temperature and humidity of the air which was passed through the humidification unit in the frame body just before passed through the air contact unit were measured with the meter of temperature and humidity provided on the wall of the frame body.
(2) The measurements were earned out about 10 a.m. and more than 20 days of every month from 1995 September to 1996 February at a city located on the pacific side of Japan.
(3) The results of these measurements in every month were indicated graphically and the average values were calculated.



3. Rayon Fiber Tourmaline Carrier




(1) Component of the rayon fiber was 66.5 wt % of rayon, 2.5 wt% of tourmaline (0.4 mu of average particle size) and 30 wt % of polyester (total; 100%). The rayon fiber has 7 denier (7 g / 9000 m).
(2) The nonwoven fabric (75 g / 1 m<2>) formed by the above polyester and tourmaline rayon was used in the tourmaline carrier.
(3) As the rough tourmaline, ores produced in China were used. Each ore has the strength electrode factor disclosed in the patent specification of Japanese Patent Application Number 5-36234. These ores were ground to powders each having the avenge size of 3 mu by Peking Metallurgy Industry Steel Research Center. After, they were imported, they were ground to particles each having the average size of 0.4 mu .



4. Air Contact Reaction Unit




(1) As the material for passing the air used in the air contact reaction unit, four sheets of nonwoven fabric mats were used, each of which has the area size of 15 cm x 15 cm and the thickness of 3 cm.
(2) The total weight of nonwoven fabric mats was 75 g / m<2> x 0.15 m x 0.15 m x 4 sheets = 75 g x 0.09 m<2> = 6.75 g



5. Result of Measurement


The temperature and humidity out side of the apparatus used in the experiment were measured. Then, the temperature and humidity of the humidified air in the frame body of the apparatus, before being introduced into the air reaction filter, were measured. From these measurements, average values were obtained every month, as shown in the following table.
Columns=3

Head Col 1:
Head Col 2: outside of the frame body
Head Col 3: in the frame body, just after the humidification
September59.1 % (24.9 DEG C)66.0 % (22.0 DEG C)
October48.1 % (22.3 DEG C)61.3 % (20.9 DEG C)
November36.6 % (16.4 DEG C)50.4 % (16.2 DEG C)
December29.4 % (13.5 DEG C)42.6 % (13.5 DEG C)
January27.8 % (15.3 DEG C)44.1 % (16.2 DEG C)
February24.4 % (15.1 DEG C)42.1 % (15.6 DEG C)


The above result is shown graphically in Figs. 7 and 8.


6. Summary of Result




(1) The average humidity in the room varies every month from Septembcr to February in the wide range of about 59 to 24 %.
(2) By provision of humidification unit, the average humidity is increased and stabilized in the range of about 66 to 42 %.
(3) From the fact that the average humidity is stabilized in the range of 66 to 42 % by the apparatus and method, it is clear that the present invention for producing hydroxyl minus ions in the air can offer the effect every season and every area.
(4) The temperature of the air after humidification in September was decreased from the temperature outside of the frame body by 2.9 DEG C. Then, in October and November, the temperatures were decreased by 1.4 and 0.2 DEG C, respectively. Further, in December, the temperature is not changed. In January and February, temperatures were increased by 0.9 and 0.5 DEG C.This means that in hot season such as September in Japan, the apparatus of the experiment offers the same effect as that of cooling fan, while, in winter season such as December, January, and February, the apparatus does not disturb the effect of heating.


The apparatus used in the experiment is shown in Fig. 1. The meter S for measuring temperature and humidity is configured so that the temperature and humidity of the air between the air humidification unit and air contact reaction unit is measured with its sensor and the result of measurement is indicated outside of the apparatus. The air introduced from the side of the apparatus is passed through the humidifying material's portions which are not immersed in the water and is crossed the humidifying material's horizontal portion so as to move upward.

Next, an equipment for measuring the concentration of ion contained in air is explained.

As an equipment for measuring the concentration of plus and minus ions contained in air, there is a measurement equipment developed by Kobe Electric Wave Co. (Kobe City in Japan). This equipment is based on a principle that the movement velocity of ion depends on the size of ion.

In the measurement of this experiment, the equipment of this kind of model number KSI - 900 was used. With this equipment, only ions each having the particle size of 0.0026 mu m or smaller can be measured. As equipment of this kind, there are those of model number KSI - 1000 (for the particle size of 0.01 mu m or smaller) and model number KSI - 2000 (for the particle size of 0. 1 mu m or smaller). They are used for measunng the concentration of plus and minus ions and that of charged corpuscles contained in atmospheric air on the earth, in the purpose of research for the relation between the meteorological elements and the change of density of plus and minus ions contained in air.

Were measured the concentration of plus and minus ions each having the particle size of 0.0026 mu m (2.6 x 10<-7> cm) and smaller by utilizing the equipment of model number KSI - 900.

According to the literature (Static Electricity Handbook edited by Polymer Society), some data related to hydroxyl ions [(H2O)n + OH<->] shown in the present invention is disclosed by Chapman in his report by way of measurement result of the size of water droplet. number of water molecules, and the mobility of water molecule.
Columns=3

Head Col 1: radius (cm)
Head Col 2: number of molecules
Head Col 3: mobility (cm<2>/V.cm)
33 x 10<-8>3 H2O+H<+>1.0
33 x 10<-8>3 H2O+OH<->0.95


In this report, it is inferred that three water molecules can carry two OH<->.

Then, in an experiment with the apparatus for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air, the numbers of plus and minus ions were measured by utilizing the above equipment on 9:30 a.m. In the room, there were three persons one of who was a smoker. One minute had passed after the smoker (spaced from the apparatus with about 1.5 m) smoked once, the number of plus ions per 1 cc of air increased to the value around 120. The numbers of plus and minus ions were measured, resulting in the following data.
Columns=3

Head Col 1:
Head Col 2: minus ion (number / 1 cc air)
Head Col 3: plus ion (number / 1 cc air)
apparatus is not operated28 to 3830 to 33
apparatus is operated80 to 8528 to 38


(The maker that produces the measurement equipments of this kind reported, as the measurement result, the change of density of plus and minus ions in atmospheric air on ocean after typhoon, with the equipment of model number KSI - 1000 (for particle size of 0.01 mu m or smaller). According to this report, average number of plus and minus ions is about 100/1 cc air, throughout one day.)

In the above experiment with the apparatus for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air in accordance with the present invention, the change of number of plus and minus ions produced with the minus ion - generator was researched.

As shown in the above explanation, the following results were obtained.

(1) When the generator was operated, the number of minus ions is 80 to 85, while the number of plus ions is 28 to 38.
(2) Before the generator was operated, the number of minus ions is 28 to 38, while the number of plus ions is 30 to 33.
(3) Within one minute after the smoker (spaced from the apparatus with about 1.5 m) smoked once, the number of plus ions increased to the value around 120.


The data obtained above is shown in the companied Table 1 to 3. Table 1 is the data of 1995 September, Table 2 is the data of 1995 November and Table 3 is the data of 1996 February.

The temperature and humidity of air outside the apparatus and in the frame work of the apparatus were measured in 1995 September, 1995 November and 1996 February, respectively. These measurement results are indicated in Tables 1, 2, and 3, in this order.
Id=Table I Columns=5

Head Col 1: date
Head Col 2: temparature ( DEG C outside)
Head Col 3: humidity (% outside)
Head Col 4: temparature ( DEG C in frame work)
Head Col 5: humidity (% in frame work)
September 120622663
September 621522256
September 1627632373.5
September 1827592069
September 19275721.568
September 2027582266
September 2127542063
September 22276221.563.5
September 232747.62363
September 2424672369
September 2525622366
September 2623562166
September 27237122.574
September 2924662366
September 3025492264

average24.959.022.266.0


The temperature and humidity of air outside the apparatus and in the frame work of the apparatuis were measured in 1995 September, 1995 November and 1996 February, respectively. These measurement results are indicated in Tables 1, 2 and 3, in this order.
Id=Table 2 Columns=5

Head Col 1: date
Head Col 2: temparature ( DEG C outside)
Head Col 3: humidity (%outside)
Head Col 4:Temparature ( DEG C in frame work)
Head Col 5: humidity (%in frame work)
November 121452059
November 216361648
November 219381848
November 616371652
November 618361846
November 718401856
November 818471860
November 820382056
November 914381452
November 10202219.542
November 1317371752
November 1417401653
November 1516401652
November 1613371246
November 1716361648
November 1815361648
November 2014381452
November 2115401652
November 2214381450
November 2416421656
November 2712421156
November 2811321144
November 2821282046
November 2913321345
November 3021202142
average16.436.616.250.4

Id=Table 3 Columns=5

Head Col 1: date
Head Col 2: temparature ( DEG C outside)
Head Col 3: humidity (% outside)
Head Col 4: temparature ( DEG C in frame work)
Head Col 5: humidity (% in frame work)
February 115181840
February 214161440
February 511221241
February 615181541
February 712141440
February 812171440
February 917221842
February 1314261440
February 1415261641
February 1519341850
February 1614301445
February 1621272148
February 1913321539
February 1920272036
February 2011241232
February 2022202233
February 2112221242
February 2212221244
February 2313221240
February 2618251846
February 2713361350
February 2720322050
February 2815301549
February 2918251744

average15.325.415.742.2


The numerical data of temperature and humidity of Tables 1, 2 and 3 are indicated graphically in Figs. 9, 10 and 11, respectively.

As stated above, the apparatus and method for producing the hydroxyl minus ion - containing air with the function of humidification in accordance with the present invention offer the great effect. Precisely, by the provision of humidification unit, the humidity of the air is increased to about 60 to 40%. Such increased and stabilized humidity 60 to 40% teaches that apparatus for generating minus ions in air can be always used throughout year without limitation of season, climate and area where the apparatus is used.

Particularly, the minus ions are absorbed and absorbed into the water on the surface of skin and under wear of each user, the water vaporization is accelerated and vaporization heat is expensed. Then, the user feels as if humidity was decreased comparing with actual humidity. Hence, even in summer with high humidity, the user can feel comfortable. That is to say, the apparatus and method offer useful effect like a cooling fan in summer, while they do not disturb the effect of heater.
Data supplied from the esp@cenet database - Worldwide

Tourmaline: PLATE-LIKE BATTERY AND MANUFACTURE THEREOF

Publication number: JP11054136
Publication date: 1999-02-26
Inventor: HASEGAWA YOSHINARI
Applicant: HASEGAWA YOSHINARI
Classification:
- international: H01M4/06; H01M6/18; H01M6/22; H01M4/06; H01M6/00; H01M6/18; (IPC1-7): H01M6/18; H01M4/06; H01M6/22
- European:
Application number: JP19970204549 19970730
Priority number(s): JP19970204549 19970730


Abstract of JP11054136

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a plate-like battery which can be housed in a small space, and a method for manufacturing the same.

SOLUTION: Tourmaline is pulverized into fine particles, which are mixed with a polymeric resin having acid resistance to form a cathode as a biscuit plate-like molding. A plate-like anode is made of a conductor material. An acid solution and an oxidant are kneaded to form an organic polymeric solid electrolyte as a clay plate-like molding. The cathodes and the anodes are alternately layered with the electrolyte held therebetween, thereby obtaining a plate- like battery.

Tourmaline Piezoelectric composition Rebalancing electrical potential call membran

INDUSTRIAL MATERIAL COMPRISING ORGANIC POLYMERIC MATERIAL AND ARTICLE MADE THEREOF

Publication number: JP9157533
Publication date: 1997-06-17
Inventor: GOTOU YOSHIYO
Applicant: KOKEN KK
Classification:
- international: C08K3/00; C08K5/10; C08K7/00; C08K7/02; C08L89/00; C08L101/00; C08K3/00; C08K5/00; C08K7/00; C08L89/00; C08L101/00; (IPC1-7): C08L101/00; C08K3/00; C08K5/10; C08K7/02; C08L89/00
- European:
Application number: JP19950347466 19951204
Priority number(s): JP19950347466 19951204

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Abstract of JP9157533

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an article made of an industrial material comprising an organic polymeric material, by the use of which our life or nature can be improved even if a little and we can enjoy life.

SOLUTION: A material or an article comprising an organic polymer such as paper, fibers, synthetic resins, wood or coating materials is interweaved (including making into paper), kneaded, impregnated or coated with an additive comprising at least one member selected from among powders of a natural stone such as tourmaline, diamond, rock crystal and pearl or a far-infrared- emitting mineral powder such as of ceramics, shells and corals, extracts prepared by dissolving animal proteins from feathers, honeycombs, silk cased of bagworms, silk, insects, fishes and shellfishes in monomolecular water followed by extracting and fine short fibers of natural fibers such as vegetable or animal fibers, and the treated material or article is plated.

POLYMERIC MEDICAL TREATMENT BODY

Publication number: JP2001104493
Publication date: 2001-04-17
Inventor: KATAOKA MITSUMUNE
Applicant: TOKIN CORP
Classification:
- international: A61N1/00; A61H39/04; A61K9/70; A61N2/08; A61N5/06; A61P43/00; C08K3/04; C08K3/34; C08L101/00; A61N1/00; A61H39/04; A61K9/70; A61N2/00; A61N5/06; A61P43/00; C08K3/00; C08L101/00; (IPC1-7): A61N1/00; A61H39/04; A61K9/70; A61N2/08; A61N5/06; A61P43/00; C08K3/04; C08L101/00
- European:
Application number: JP19990283624 19991005
Priority number(s): JP19990283624 19991005


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Abstract of JP2001104493

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a medical treatment body combinedly having functions of each of a treatment body utilizing magnetic line of force and a treatment body utilizing far-infrared rays which are used for treating lumbago or stiff shoulder. 

SOLUTION: A molding of a complex in which tourmaline powder and carbon black powder are kneaded with a polymer is used as a treatment body. Pain caused by muscular fatigue is relieved soon by a synergistic effect of magnetic line of force and far-infrared rays emitted from the tourmaline, and a thermal effect of the carbon black power.

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND AUTOMOBILE

Publication number: JP2001221109
Publication date: 2001-08-17
Inventor: AZUMA MANABU
Applicant: NILES PARTS CO LTD
Classification:
- international: F02B75/10; F02B51/00; F02M27/02; G21B1/00; F02B75/00; F02B51/00; F02M27/00; G21B1/00; (IPC1-7): F02M27/02; F02B51/00; F02B75/10; G21B1/00
- European:
Application number: JP20000029905 20000208
Priority number(s): JP20000029905 20000208



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Abstract of JP2001221109
PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To clean exhaust gas of an internal combustion engine and to improve fuel consumption with an easily retrofitted device. SOLUTION: A fuel reformer 1 for reforming fuel of the internal combustion engine comprises a fluorocarbon polymeric member 2 having a fuel passage inside thereof, an ionization catalyst layer 3 including fine powder of tourmaline formed on the periphery of the member 2, a solid-electrolyte layer 4, an outer layer 5 of a conductive metal member, and a fixing cap 6 for fixing and sealing both end portions of the outer layer 5. The fine powder of the tourmaline included in the ionization catalyst layer 3 produces a quantum-mechanically strong high electrostatic field by spontaneous polarization. Electrons are extracted from a part of atomic hydrogen of the fuel in a fuel passage 7 by the quantum high electrostatic field to be protons. Some hydrogen nuclei in the fuel are converted to neutrons by an Auger phenomenon. These protons and neutrons cause a hydrogen nuclear-fusion reaction in high pressure/high temperature plasma within a combustion chamber.

FRESHNESS KEEPING MATERIAL

Publication number: JP2001231524
Publication date: 2001-08-28
Inventor: FUJII TERUTO
Applicant: SEKAICHO RUBBER
Classification:
- international: A23L3/358; A23L3/26; A23L3/3454; A23L3/26; (IPC1-7): A23L3/358; A23L3/26
- European:
Application number: JP20000045527 20000223
Priority number(s): JP20000045527 20000223

esp@cenet document view

Abstract of JP2001231524
PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a freshness keeping material generating minus ion and far-infrared rays to keep the freshness of vegetables, etc, and capable of keeping the freshness over a long period by the storage at a low temperature. SOLUTION: A resin composition containing a polymeric compound scarcely accumulating electrostatic charge, a mineral containing rare earth elements and tourmaline and/or a far infrared radiating ceramic is applied and/or laminated to at least a part of a food packaging material selected from a molded resin vessel, a resin film, etc.


Biological activation of inorganic materials: Improving plant growth, or as a feed additive, comprises the use of radiation from an orgone chamber

Method for biological activation of inorganic materials, e.g. calcium carbonate, useful to provide products for e.g. improving plant growth, or as a feed additive, comprises the use of radiation from an orgone chamber

Publication number: DE10204881
Publication date: 2003-08-14
Inventor: BARTH ADALBERT (DE)
Applicant: BARTH JACQUELINE (DE)
Classification:
- international: A23K1/175; A61K33/06; A61K33/10; A61K33/14; C05F17/00; A23K1/175; A61K33/06; A61K33/14; C05F17/00; (IPC1-7): A61K41/00; A61K33/06
- European: A23K1/175D; A61K33/06; A61K33/10; A61K33/14; C05F17/00H
Application number: DE20021004881 20020205
Priority number(s): DE20021004881 20020205

Abstract of DE10204881
A method for biological activation of inorganic materials (I) involves applying radiation from an orgone chamber onto a metal surface and placing the mineral material (I) under the surface at a pre-determined spacing, so that (I) is subjected to the effects emanating from the orgone chamber and the metal surface. An Independent claim is also included for an orgone chamber for carrying out the process, comprising a vertical hollow body (preferably of square, rectangular or round cross-section) with: (1) vertical walls consisting of an inner electrically conductive layer (preferably of steel sheet) and an outer non-conductive layer; (2) a closed base consisting of a film or sheet (preferably of aluminum, as information matrix); and (3) a closed top consisting of a combination of layers as in (a), covered with a layer or quartz sand.

1. Method for the biological activation of inorganic materials, characterised in that the radiation on a surface made of metal, withdrawing from a Orgonkammer, meets, under this surface mineral materials in a defined spacing by this surface to be stored and the mineral materials of the effect outgoing of the Orgonkammer and the metal surface be thus suspended.

2. Process according to claim 1, characterised in that the materials calcium carbonate, sodium chloride or magnesium sulfate which can be activated represent.

3. Process according to claim 1 and 2, characterised in that those to activating materials loosely or in bags to be packed, individually, secondary or one above the other the effect of the Orgonkammer for biological activation be suspended.

4. Apparatus for the realization of the process according to claim 1, characterised in that the Orgonkammer from senkrechten an hollow body exists, the which in cross section seen preferably squarely, rectangular or approximately trained is, which consist senkrechten of walls of the Orgonkammer at least of two coatings, i.e. an electrical conductive layer arranged inward, preferably from steel sheet and outside electrical a not conductive layer, which is locked Orgonkammer at the lower end by a film or a sheet metal, preferably consisting of aluminum (when information matrix), and the upper end of the Orgonkammer is likewise by a group implemented by coatings, which corresponds to the senkrechten walls and is placed on the Orgonkammer group a coating quartz sand locking above.

5. Apparatus according to claim 1 and 4, characterised in that the sheet metals, which lock the Orgonkammer inside, outside are coated with beeswax.

6. Apparatus according to claim 1 and 4, characterised in that the senkrechten of walls of the Orgonkammer from several electrical conductive and electrical not conductive layers exist and these coatings are alternately arranged.

7. Vorlichtung according to claim 1 and 4, characterised in that the film or the sheet metal, which locks the Orgonkammer down, is surface-moderately so largely implemented that under it comfortably a pallet with several 50 kg bags with inorganic materials can be stored and the place for the storage corresponds to industriellen for biological activation thus approximately that the surface of the film or the sheet metal, which locks the Orgonkammer down.



The invention relates to a method, with which it becomes possible to activate inorganic materials in such a manner that with the inset of these materials on the fields of the agriculture and environmental protection favourable effects are obtained. With the inset in the agriculture z becomes. B. the growth of plants and their root formation affects favourably. In the range of environmental protection it is possible, biological expiration operational sequence z. B. to support during the humus production, as a faster and better rotting of the Kompostiergutes takes place. Introductory it is to be stated that the activated materials in the sense of a biocatalyst become effective. With the most diverse application possibilities still one deals later. Further the invention concerns an apparatus for the realization of the method, i.e. that with the help of the apparatus the treatment of the inorganic substances and thus their biological activation takes place.

It is to be dealt now with the state of the art.

In the German utility model G 90 00 790,5 U1 with the title ?Orgonpyramide? of receiving and using cosmic radiation one speaks. This energy radiation is to represent an alternative to the use of attraction stream, how it comes usually in the medicine to the use. When apparatus becomes the receiving of the cosmic radiation, as it expresses the title to the utility model writing, a pyramid-shaped apparatus uses.

In accordance with G 94 08 068,2 a pyramid-shaped equipment is entered, in order to be able to receive the cosmic radiation. One points out that it is appropriate to implement this equipment in such a manner that the walls exhibit a multilevel structure, i.e. mutual arrangement of electrical conductive and non conductive coatings.

Further is to the DE 296 04 486 U1 referred. There becomes and. A. implemented that so-called Orgon accumulators are used by welfare practical men, in order to use the energy received with these apparatuses in the sense of a Orgonstrahlung. Thus is as alternative to the medicinal used radiotherapy and. A. a suggestion of body-own processes to be caused. The Orgonakkumulator described in accordance with DE 296 04 486 U1 possesses again a structure, with which the walls consist alternately of electrical conductive and non conductive coatings.

In this connection is to be referred also still to a product information 2001 under the title ?in conformity with the universal energy?, whereby it concerns Orgonprodukte here. The Orgonprodukte, z. B. Orgonstrahler, are offered to 7 under the mark MEDEA. These products available in the trade are to promote in principle the human well-being. Items can be reread in the quite detailed product information. Also on other fields the most diverse Orgonprodukte is applicable according to product information. For the example a modified Orgonstrahler, then is called the apparatus, that is a Orgonstrahler with a waterproof casing, in a Gartenteich, Swimmingpool or an aquarium is put. An improvement of the water quality is to be achieved thereby.

Finally is to be referred still to the DE 44 38 340 A1. Apparatuses are described, whose task should be it to use cosmic radiation energy whereby these apparatuses are brought to the respective place of work, in order ?locally? favourable effects to obtain. In the aforementioned patent application becomes and. A. stated that the conversion does not take place from ammonium in stinking ammonia.

In summary can be determined, which was already dedicated to the problem of the use of cosmic radiation energy and the use of the Orgonstrahlung standing thereby in the connection a certain attention. Beside Orgonstrahlern for medicinal tack, which general is to promote said the well-being that to treating persons, in principle comparable solutions are used in the environmental technology, here particularly during the water waste water and liquid manure treatment and in the agriculture. The Orgonstrahler present for medicinal tack in the trade is small and handy and otherwise not usable. The suggested solutions, in the o. g. patent-official writings were stated briefly, assume under use of the Orgonstrahlung the appliances and apparatuses come always to the inset, where it applies general said, to affect the environment. The well-known Orgonstrahler/devices come then at the respective place of work to the use. It does not belong so far to the state of the art to manufacture biological activated materials industrially which are then supplied at the respective place of work of the use.

It is therefore the task of the invention to activate inorganic materials with a economical industrially usable method biological in order to obtain with this in such a manner treated materials in respective case of application on the fields environmental technology and agriculture favourable effects. The appropriate apparatus according to invention is to exhibit a simple structure and to make the treatment possible of large quantities of the inorganic materials concerned.

The task is solved as follows according to invention, whereby regarding the fundamental inventive thoughts to the claim 1 one refers. The further arrangement of the invention results from the claims 2 to 6. The explanation of the invention further remarks are to be made.

A Orgonakkumulator, in the further one than Orgonkammer designation, consists of a perpendicularly arranged hollow body, which is preferably in the cross section rectangular, square or round. The senkrechten of walls consist of at least two coatings, whereby always the internal coating consists the other coating in the hollow body of metal, appropriately of steel sheet, and of electrical non conductive material, preferably felt, Steinwolle or sheep wool. As far as more than two coatings are used, a mutual arrangement takes place from electrical conductive and non conductive coatings. The hollow body is locked down by a film or a thin sheet metal, consisting of metal, preferably from aluminum. The sheet metal is naturally slid into slots, so that it is to be changed if necessary easily. It is to be noted that between the metal on and/or. in the senkrechten walls of the hollow body and the sheet metal for the lower termination no electrical contact exists. The upper termination of the hollow body takes place likewise via mentioned coatings. On these coatings a coating quartz sand is arranged. For the industrial biological activation of the materials the hollow body should be long 6 to 8 m. Its open cross section and thus the surface of the film and/or. the sheet metal, which locks the hollow body down, it is so limited that under the surface comfortably pallets with 50 kg bags with mineral materials can be put down. That is, that the surface of the sheet metal is approximately so large, like the underlying pallet.

In a spacing of approx. 2 m under the Orgonkammer the material which can be activated is stored. An appropriate time for the storing are approx. 6 hours. Depending upon the use it concerns with the mineral materials calcium carbonate, magnesium sulfate or sodium chloride. According to the safety sheet in accordance with EEC guideline 91/155/EWG, point 2, composition/data acts it with the components over


- Natural one, gemahlenes calcium carbonate, CaCO3 (CAS NR. 1317-65-3)
- NaCl sodium chloride (CAS NR. 7647-14-5)
- Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate (MgSO4 x 7H2O), (CAS NR. 010034-99-8)
During the storing of the mineral materials under the Orgonkammer takes place a biological activation of the materials, whereby the results of the activation speak for itself.

The invention is to be described now on the basis embodiments, which occupy the results of the biological activation.

1. Example
Decontamination of poisoned trays, investigational procedure
Into a quantity of 100 m< 3> contaminated earth 5 kg biological activated calcium carbonate are interfered under Wasserzugabe. A control rent with same earth is set without addition of the material. Both silos kompostieren during one period of 4 to 6 months. Then the evaluation of the residual values takes place. With the silo with addition of the aforementioned material completely substantially better values are obtained.

It is referred to table 1.

2. Example
The influence of biological activated calcium carbonate on the health and the growth achievement of pigs:
It concerns in the following the excerpt of an authorized working translation by May 2001 of The University OF Queensland, The Australasian Pig of institutes

Significant results and conclusions in pig production
Study 1


- With bio active fed sucking sows ate more (increase around 12%) and lost during the Laktation fewer weight (18% less).
- With piglets with bio active less frequently Ruhr arose to fed sows on than with piglets at sows, which were not fed with bio active (4.8% compared with 20,0%). The group of the pigs may during the times of the test of no treatment with antibiotics contrary to the control's group, fed with bio active
- The growth rate of the piglets increased by 6%, if the sucking sow with bio active were fed.
- The total improvement of the mast achievement points on the fact that bio active is a suitable fodder additive for sucking sows.
- It has the appearance that the feeding is sucking sows with bio active for the suction piglets of use.
Study 2


- The fodder utilization relationship of the setting off piglets improved by the addition from bio active to the fodder around 7,6%.
- Pigs, the fodder with bio active did not receive, were healthier - Ruhr.
- The total improvement of the mast achievement points on the fact that bio active is a suitable fodder additive for setting off piglets.
3. Example
Out of product informations of the applicant for a patent is to be taken:


a) Product group: Animal fodder additive
Chemical designation: CaCO3
Specification: Permission for ecological animal breeding
Animal species:
Pigs, cattle, poultry, horses, sheep, etc. special successes documented gutachterlich for pigs
Employment recommendation:
200 g bio active animal fodder additive on a ton of dry weight finished fodder for pigs.
With cattle and other animals accordingly to the force fodder
Advantages:
If animal health improves, improves yields;
Pigs:
Nut/mother sow eats better, has more milk, liking ore during the Laktation less off, can be in former times inseminated again.
Piglet:
Fewer stillbirths, get sufficient milk, are healthier, have fall through less and thus fewer deaths.
Traveler:
Receivings after the depositing during TrockenfĂĽtterung water with bio active soaking water additive and have a by far better daily increase. Fewer illnesses.
Mastschweine:
Improves fodder utilization and clearly shorter final assembly branch duration (as per. Appraisals of the lehr and laboratory of the country Saxonia-Anhalt 102 days in place of 111 days) of pigs are calm and clean. Improves meat quality, higher lean-meat and low fat portion, altogether fewer illnesses, antibiotic treatments nearly not necessarily.
The increment per pig amounts as per. Appraisal LVA Iden on approx. 6.50 EUR per Mastschwein zzgl. 9 days shorter stable allocation.
b) Product group: Soaking water additive
Chemical designation: NaCl
Specification: Permission for ecological animal breeding
Animal species: Like before in the example 3.a)
Employment recommendation: 1000 g bio active soaking water additive on 30 m< 3> Water for pigs, cattle and. A. Animal species. Also suitably for biological stable cleaning
Advantages: Like before in the example 3.a)
4. Example
Out of production information of the applicant for a patent is to be taken further:


a) Product group: Liquid manure improvement
Chemical designation: CaCO3
Specification: Permission for ecological animal breeding
Animal species: Pigs, cattle, poultry, horses, sheep, etc.,
Employment recommendation: Directly 1000 g bio active liquid manure additive on 100 m< 3> Liquid manure.
In the stable: 20 to 100 g to 100 litres water over the entire stable floor squirts weekly. Moisten well.
Advantages: Swimming and sinking layers dissolve. The liquid manure homogenizes itself. Channels flow off better. Clearly less expenditure for agitating the liquid manure, energy saving, decrease of fly troubles.
Immediately better stable climate. Better Fresslust, fewer lung damage, calm animals, with cattle better milk production, no ammonia smell of the milk.
Drastic decrease of the noxious gases ammonia disappears nearly completely. Methane, nitrous oxide, CO2 are strongly reduced
Nitrogen gain:
Because the plant-available ammonium ticking off (NH4) to the poisonous, stinking ammonia (NH3) is not diminished.
Environment:
The regional environment is not loaded with the removing of the liquid manure by far any longer so strongly by the unpleasant smell.
b) Product group: Kompostierhilfe, humus improvement
Chemical designation: CaCO3
Specification: For Grosskompostieranlagen and garden composting
Uses: In the garden compost, if new material is brought in, something bio active (2-3 Esslöffel per watering can) with water over the material squirts.
Add to the input with Grosskompostieranlagen.
Employment recommendation: 4000-5000 g bio active powders for compost on 100 m< 3> Inputs, with water over the entire inputs squirt.
During plowless treatment of fields squirt after the harvesting 1 kg/ha.
Advantages: Quick and better rotting of the Kompostiergutes. Harvest arrears and roots rot clearly better. Humus improvement in the entire tray. Drastic decrease of the noxious gases and the bad smells. Ammonia disappears nearly completely. Methane, nitrous oxide, CO2 are strongly reduced.
Nitrogen gain: Because the plant-available ammonium ticking off (NH4) to the poisonous, stinking ammonia (NH3) is not diminished.
Environment: The regional environment is not loaded with the shifting and dismantling of the compost rents by far any longer so strongly by the unpleasant smell.
5. Example
Biological activated materials for plants
The activated materials are given separately solved in water as Spritzmittel in tank mixtures without separate processing step or on the field. The quantity required amounts to 1000 g/ha.

Effect
The useful soil bacteria increase, the tray are clearly more warmly, more absorbent and looser due to the aerobic bacteria activity. The humus formation is enormously increased. With useful plants this causes a stronger root growth, a faster maturing and partially completely substantial increments up to 20%. In the cultivation of potato up to 2,2 t increment per hectare were determined. In the plowless cultivation harvest arrears rot quicker and better.

6. Example
Biological activated materials for purification plants
The biological activated materials are suitable outstanding for the use in large and house purification plants as well as for garden and camping toilets.

Effect
Already by the inset of very small quantities the smell load decreases/goes back clearly. In large purification plants bio active within the aerobic range works.

Quantity required
House purification plants 30 g per m< 3>
Large purification plants 2 kg to 100 m< 3>

7. Example
Biological activated materials for waters and ponds
The activated materials are given to lakes and ponds, whose water is often also faulig cloudy and.

One can determine the effect mostly within fewer weeks. The water becomes increasingly clear and the smell decreases/goes back. The alga vegetation decreases/goes back to a biological justifiable measure, the oxygen content of the water becomes clearly higher, water animals returns to an intact habitat.
Quantity required: 1 kg to 400-500 m< 3> Water

8. Example
Biological activated materials for lawns, also for roses and Stauden applicably
Biological activated materials are dissolved in the water and poured over the lawn. After the use and an appropriate impact time the grasses of the turf are strongly promoted in their growth. The plants are more resistant to fungal attack.

Period of the use
February until May Septembers until November

Quantity required
with turfs: 500 g biological activated material on 10 l water, 60-80 g sufficiently per m< 2>
with roses and Stauden: 15-20 g around the plant distribute, in-rake and afterwards land on water.

9. Example
Biological activated materials for the viticulture
An agrarian enterprise in D-06268 Steigra places solid:
The use took place with the sort Grauburgunder on a surface from approx. 0.6 hectars.

To the comparison likewise 0.6 hectars were not treated. Due to the quite late application date an evaluation of the effect in impulse ability and the grape/cluster weight was omitted.

Yield to 15.08.2000, stage 79-81 (end grape/cluster conclusion; ) At the time of the harvesting measuring of the Mostgewichte, in the treated plot, resulted in beginning ripe one a result better around 3 DEG Oechsle.

As grape/cluster suppliers this DEG Oechsle improves 3 substantially our operating result.

10. Example
By the lehr and laboratory for animal husbandry and technology Iden (Saxonia-Anhalt) was compiled in July 2001 a test evaluation with the title ?inset of bio active in the pig mast?, part 1. The summary reads:
In a feeding attempt the inset of bio active became on the efficiency of the pigs examines at 200 Mastschweinen. Two identical compartments were occupied with 100 animals each and along and/or. without bio active additive fed.

In mast performance data at the bio active's group statistical securable improvements showed themselves in the parameters attitude days, fodder utilization and daily increases. Within the range of the battle achievement the bio active's group in the features lean meat portion and meat measure statistical cut off secured with better results.

Altogether the inset of bio active in this attempt clearly positively affected itself.

Further embodiments could be stated due to extensive test results and outstanding references at home and abroad. The past statements with the use of the biological activated materials speak for itself.

Finally is referred to the following.

There both examples partial literal passages from reports and/or. References were taken over, come repeat the term ?bio active? for the treatment substances to the use. It concerns natural the inorganic substances, which were activated after the method according to invention biological.

Kompostieranlage Caaschwitz

Decontamination with bio active powder solution (5 kg m< to 100; 3> Input)
EMI14.1
Kompostieranlage Caaschwitz

Decontamination without bio active powder solution
EMI15.1